The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is the way to measures the language proficiency of people who willing to study or work where English is used as a main language or language of communication. It measures the language proficiency by using nine-band scale from band score 1 to band score 9 where band score 1 is the least and band score 9 is the highest.
There are two test versions available for IELTS: Academic and General Training.
Academic is for the people who are applying for higher education and General Training is for those who are migrating to countries like Australia, Canada and the UK or for those who ate applying for secondary education, training programs with work experience in an English speaking environment. And both test versions provides a valid and accurate assessment of the four language skills: listening, reading, writing and speaking.
LISTENING - 30 minutes
There will be four recording of native English speakers and after listening those recordings, you will write answers to the gives series of questions.
Recording 1 – a conversation between two people set in an everyday social context.
Recording 2 - a monologue set in an everyday social context, e.g. a speech about local facilities.
Recording 3 – a conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context, e.g. a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment.
Recording 4 - a monologue on an academic subject, e.g. a university lecture.
READING - 60 minutes
It consists of 40 questions which include reading for gist, main ideas, detail, skimming, understanding logical argument and recognizing writers' opinions, attitudes and purpose.
IELTS Academic test includes three long texts which range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical which are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. And they are selected for those who are non-specialist audience but are appropriate for people entering university courses or seeking professional registration.
IELTS General Training test includes extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines. These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English-speaking environment.
WRITING - 60 minutes
IELTS Academic test
IELTS Academic test are of general interest to, and suitable for, test takers entering undergraduate and postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration. Test takers will be provided two tasks:
In first task test takers will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarize or explain the information in your own words. You may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event.
In second task test takers will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal style.
IELTS General Training
It consists of topics which includes of general interest. And test takers will be provided two tasks
In first task test takers will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter requesting information, or explaining the situation. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.
In first task test takers will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be fairly personal in style.
SPEAKING - 11 - 14 minutes
The speaking component assesses your use of spoken English. Every test is recorded.
Part 1 - the examiner will ask you general questions about yourself and a range of familiar topics, such as home, family, work, studies and interests. This part lasts between four and five minutes.
Part 2 - you will be given a card which asks you to talk about a particular topic. You will have one minute to prepare before speaking for up to two minutes. The examiner will then ask one or two questions on the same topic.
Part 3 - you will be asked further questions about the topic in Part 2. These will give you the opportunity to discuss more abstract ideas and issues. This part of the test lasts between four and five minutes.
TOEFL is recognized by more than 10,000 colleges, universities and agencies in more than 130 countries, including Australia, Canada, the U.K. and the United States and the most widely respected English-language test in the world.
TOEFL test is delivered via the internet and this is an important part to further continue the journey to study in an English-speaking country. TOEFL test measures the ability to use and understand English at the university level as well as evaluates how the test takers combine their reading, listening, speaking and writing skills to perform academic tasks.
SAT is originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test later on which is also called the Scholastic Assessment Test is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States.
A private, non-profit organization the College Board by the Educational Testing Service created SAT. Most of colleges and universities take entrance exam as SAT to make admissions decisions and the main goal is to provide colleges with one common data point that can be used to compare all applicants. But SAT is only one of the factors in the admissions decision as Colleges and Universities also consider high school GPA, academic transcript, letters of recommendation, extracurricular activities, interviews, and personal essays. The weight placed on SAT scores in admissions varies from school to school. And every year in August, October, November, December, March, May and June SAT exam is offered nationally.
SAT consist of two tests: SAT REASONING TEST and SAT SUBJECT TEST
SAT REASONING TEST
The total duration of the SAT Reasoning Test is 3 hours and 45 minutes long which measures skills in three areas: critical reading, math, and writing and test takers are also required to write a 25 minute essay. The total score will be from 200 – 800 for each section with two writing sub scores for multiple- choice questions and the essay. It determines the way they use their skills and knowledge to gain the academic success.
SAT SUBJECT TEST
The total duration of the SAT Subject Tests is 1 hour. SAT Subject Test measures the ability to apply the knowledge in particular field. The SAT Subject Tests is used for admission, course placement and to advice students about course selection.
The Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) is a standardized test which is required for the admission in most the Graduate Schools in the United States. The GRE is created in 1949, owned and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS).
The main purpose of GRE is to measure verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, and critical thinking skills that have been acquired over a long period of learning. It contains of certain specific algebra, geometry, arithmetic, and vocabulary. Around thousands of graduate and business schools accepts GRE.
The GRE General Test is accepted at thousands of graduate and business schools as well as departments and divisions within these schools and many graduate and business school applicants who are interested in pursuing a master's, MBA, specialized master's in business or doctoral degree takes the GRE test. The GRE General test is offered as a computer –based exam administered at prometric testing centers. The GRE test consist of four sections:
- Verbal section
- Quantitative section
- Analytical writing section
- Experimental section
The overall time period for GRE test lasts about 3 hours 45 minutes with one minute of breaks after each section and a ten minute of break after the third section.
This is a standardized test which is required for the admissions in College and Universities of the USA.
It is the nation’s most popular college entrance exam accepted and valued by all universities and colleges in the United States and based on what students learn in high school and provides personalized information about their strengths for education and career planning.
The ACT consists of five tests: English, Mathematics, Reading and Sciences and Writing whereas writing test will be optional.
TEST TEST DURATION
English 45 minutes
Mathematics 60 minutes
Reading 35 minutes
Science 35 minutes
Writing 40 minutes
PTE Academic also known as Pearson Test of English is the world's leading computer-based test of English for study abroad and immigration which has been offering fast, flexible English testing. PTE Academic is accepted by universities in USA, UK, and Australia including prestigious institutions such as Harvard Business School, INSEAD and Yale University.
PTE is launched in 2009 by Person Language Tests part of the Pearson PLC group and endorsed by GMAC (Graduate Management Admission Council), owners of GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test). It provides flexible testing locations, with test centers in over 50 countries worldwide. PTE Academic can be schedule with in twenty-four hours in advance, and typically receive their results within five business days.